Czech Republic and Prague
The Czech Republic
, in Czech - Česká republika, short form - Česko is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Poland to the north, Germany to the west, Austria to the south and Slovakia to the east. Its capital and largest city, with 1.3 million inhabitants, is Prague. The Czech Rebublic includes the historical territories of Bohemia and Moravia and a small part of Silesia. Bohemia appeared as a political entity in the late 9th century as a small duchy around Prague.
Prague, in Czech – Praha, is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic and fourteenth-largest city in the European Union. It is also historical capital of Bohemia proper. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava river, the city is home to about 1.3 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of nearly 2 million. The city has a temperate oceanic climate with warm summers and chilly winters.
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The public transport infrastructure consists of an intensely used integrated transport system of Prague Metro (its length is 59 km with 57 stations in total), Prague Tram System (including the "nostalgic tram" no. 91), buses, the Petřín funicular to Petřín Hill, and six ferrit. Prague has one of the highest rates of public transport usage in the world with 1.2 billion passenger journeys per annum.
Prague has a very sophisticated subway, tram and bus transport system. The Prague underground is quite new and efficient. At peak times, trains run every 2 or 3 minutes, and during off-peak hours at least every 8-10 minutes.
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Good to Know
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